Skip to content
Wisebytes.net      White Belt (10th Gup)
Web Tools |  Blogs |  Taekwondo |  Research |  Illusions |  Cycling |  Food |  Gallery

White Belt (10th Gup)

These are some things we need to know for our first grading - I have put this together from our classes supplemented with reading on the web and in books. Any errors or misunderstandings are mine alone - I am very new to taekwondo.

Tenets of Taekwon-Do

  • Courtesy (Ye Ui)
  • Integrity (Yom Chi)
  • Perseverance (In Nae)
  • Self Control (Guk Gi)
  • Indomitable Spirit (Baekjul Boolgool)

Student Oath

I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do
I shall respect the instructor and seniors
I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do
I shall be a champion of freedom and justice
I shall build a more peaceful world

The Taekwondo Evergreen Tree

BeltKorean termMeaning
WhiteHuin-SaekInnocence - signifies the innocence of the beginner
YellowNo-RangEarth - signifies the earth from which the plant sprouts and takes root as the foundations of taekwondo are laid
GreenNok-SaekGrowth - the plant grows as taekwondo skills begin to develop
BlueCh'Ong-SaekHeaven - the plant grows into a tree towering towards heaven as taekwondo skills increase
RedPal-GangDanger - warns student to exercise control and warns opponents away
BlackKom-JongMaturity - plant has grown to a towering tree, indicating maturity and imperviousness to fear and darkness

Stances

  1. Attention stance (charyot sogi), bow (kyong ye)
  2. Parallel stance (narani sogi), parallel ready stance (narani junbi sogi)
  3. Walking stance (gunnun sogi), walking ready stance (gunnun junbi sogi)
  4. L Stance (niunja sogi)

Defensive techniques

  1. Forearm low block (palmok najunde makgi)
  2. Knifehand low block (sonkal najunde makgi)
  3. Inner forearm middle side block (an palmok kaunde yop makgi)
  4. Front rising kick (ap cha olligi)
  5. Front snap kick (ap cha busigi)
  6. Side kick (yop chagi)

Attacking techniques

  1. Forefist high/middle/low front punch (ap joomuk nopunde/kaunde/najunde ap jirugi)
  2. Front snap kick (apcha busigi)

Patterns (Tuls)

These links take you to Ian Reid's website's illustration of the patterns. Use your browser's back button to return to this site. Note that saju jirugi and saju makgi are not really patterns, but are basic movements to learn.

  1. Four direction punch (saju jurugi) (link goes off site)
    mid-section punch walking stance, low section block walking stance
  2. Four direction block (saju makgi) (link goes off site)
    inner forearm block walking stance, low knifehand block walking stance
  3. Chon-Ji (link goes off site)
    Heaven and Earth
    mid-section punch - walking stance, low section block - walking stance, inner forearm block - L stance

Three-step Sparring (sambo matsogi)

For all movements

One part of the movement is the attack (eg three consecutive punches) and the other part is the corresponding defence (eg three outer forearm blocks) with a counter attack (eg reverse punch). The movements I describe below were what we practiced one night, but I'm not sure if they are set patterns, or we could be asked any variation of these which incorporate techniques we know.

  1. Bow to instructor
  2. Bow to partner
  3. Measure distance (outside foot, toe to toe for punching, between legs feet level for kicking)

First movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. walking stance, mid section punch
  3. walking stance, mid section punch
  4. walking stance, mid section punch
  5. attention
  6. walking stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  7. walking stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  8. walking stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  9. reverse punch - ki yap

Second movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. walking stance, front snap kick
  3. walking stance, front snap kick
  4. walking stance, front snap kick
  5. ready
  6. walking stance (backwards) low section block
  7. walking stance (backwards) low section block
  8. walking stance (backwards) low section block
  9. front snap kick from front foot
  10. low section block - ki yap

Third movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. walking stance, front snap kick
  3. walking stance, front snap kick
  4. walking stance, front snap kick
  5. ready
  6. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  7. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  8. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  9. front snap kick from front foot
  10. low section knife hand block - ki yap

Fourth movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. walking stance, front snap kick
  3. walking stance, front snap kick
  4. walking stance, front snap kick
  5. ready
  6. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  7. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  8. walking stance (backwards) low section knife hand block
  9. front snap kick from front foot
  10. low section knife hand block
  11. reverse mid-section punch - ki yap

Fifth movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. L stance, mid-section punch
  3. L stance, mid-section punch
  4. L stance, mid-section punch
  5. ready
  6. L stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  7. L stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  8. L stance (backwards) outer forearm block
  9. reverse punch - ki yap

Sixth movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. L stance (backwards) knife hand strike
  3. L stance (backwards) knife hand strike
  4. L stance (backwards) knife hand strike
  5. ready
  6. L stance, knife hand block (left leg back)
  7. L stance, knife hand block
  8. L stance, knife hand block
  9. left hand reverse punch
  10. knife hand strike, right hand - ki yap

Seventh movement

  1. ready stance - right walking stance, low block - ki yap
  2. walking stance, front snap kick, downward knife hand strike
  3. walking stance, front snap kick, downward knife hand strike
  4. walking stance, front snap kick, downward knife hand strike
  5. ready
  6. walking stance, low section block, high section block
  7. walking stance, low section block, high section block
  8. walking stance, low section block, high section block
  9. reverse punch - ki yap
General
tae-kwon-dofoot/fist/way or art
do-jangtraining area
doboktraining uniform
Instructions
sabum nim kkeface instructor 4-6 dan
boosabum nim kkeface instructor 1-3 dan
kyong yebow
junbiready
si jakstart
gumanstop
shorelax
swiyoat ease
tashirepeat
baroreturn
twiro toraabout turn
kihapshout / yell / breathe out explosively
hae sanclass dismissed
ko mup sum nedathank you
Stance
charyot sogiattention stance
narani sogiready stance
gunnun sogiwalking stance
niunja sogiL stance
annun sogisitting stance
Directions
wenleft
orunright
nagagiforward
duruogibackward
yopside
apfront
Height
najundelow
kaundemiddle
nopundehigh
Tool
joomukfist
palmokforearm
sonkalknifehand
balkalfootsword
ap kumchiball of foot
yop baldungside instep
Technique
magkiblock
jirugipunch
terrigistrike
chagikick